Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder that affects between 20,000 and 50,00 people in the United States today. It causes bones to become brittle and break easily at the slightest impact and, in some cases, for no known reason. The condition is classified according to its severity. OI type 1 is the most common type. It interferes with the production of collagen, a connective tissue protein, and patients may have too little or poor quality collagen. Although the condition can be diagnosed based on its symptoms, biochemical tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
Patients with OI tend to suffer from frequent fractures and other injuries, and this often happens before puberty. This is generally the first sign of a problem. Joints may be loose and muscles may be abnormally weak. The spine may be curved, and the face may be triangular in shape. Stature is either normal or close to normal. In some cases, the patient may also have brittle teeth, discolored sclera and hearing loss.
There is no cure for this potentially serious condition. However, treatments are available and can help control the symptoms. The goal of treatment is to promote healthy bone development, strong muscles and independent mobility. Mobility aids may be recommended to protect the extremities of patients with more severe conditions. Fractures are painful, so patients who are especially prone to them may need to undergo a surgical technique called rodding, which can help reduce the risk of injury. Several medications are currently being evaluated for their effectiveness.
Managing your osteogenesis imperfecta can also require lifestyle changes. Eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight can help patients stay strong and limber. Avoid bone-damaging habits, including tobacco use and excess alcohol or caffeine consumption. Exercise can help keep muscles and bones strong, but patients should discuss the most appropriate physical therapy regimen with their doctors.
OI can be difficult for the children, teens and adults who have it, but they can still lead healthy, active, engaged lives.
The ear drum is a small flap of skin that separates the inner and outer ears. When this small flap of skin tears, it can be an extremely painful situation for some people. Yet in others, there are no symptoms or the symptoms can be very mild. There are many reasons for the injury. An infection is the most common contribution. The fluid build-up within the ear can cause the small flap of skin to weaken and tear. Unfortunately, it can also lead to hearing loss and balance problems for some people, especially if it is a regular occurrence.
The skin that separates the different parts of the ear does more than just drown out sound – it also helps to keep bacteria from entering the area. If you suddenly realize that your ear doesn’t feel right or your hearing is being affected, it is a good idea to go to the doctor to get the right diagnosis. Successful treatment after a ruptured drum is important and can help prevent future issues. In some cases, surgery is needed to repair the damage, but it is often used as a last resort. During surgery, a small graft of skin is used to replace the damaged drum. Your doctor may graph or chart your progress as well as ask you questions about the initial injury so that you can avoid future issues.
Many people notice they may have some equilibrium or balance issues as the ear heals. Also, be sure to keep the area dry – put cotton balls in the ear while showering or wear a shower cap. The water can lead to an infection which can make the problem worse. Avoid swimming, too. Never stick anything in your ear, as that can be dangerous. Also supervise children while they are cleaning their ears. Some doctors recommend using an earwax kit for build-up instead of cotton tipped swabs, so ask your doctor their recommendation.
Keep in mind that the healing process for a ruptured ear drum takes time. Also keep in mind that it isn’t always something physical that causes damage (such as a slap to the face or a hit to the side of the head, etc.). Sometimes injury occurs from pressure changes while flying, scuba diving, even loud music. The important thing is to get the damage contained before it becomes permanent.
Recent studies have shown that obesity early in life is often a predictor of the future. Kids that are overweight often turn into adults who are overweight. Obesity doesn’t discriminate against age or gender – it can happen to kids as young as toddlers. Unfortunately, that extra weight can easily lead to health complications later in life. Examples include diabetes and knee osteoarthritis pain. It can also lead to heart problems and sleep apnea. Weighing too much can lead to a serious underlying medical condition and if left untreated can lead to permanent damage and even death. However, it is also a preventable (and reversible) condition.
One of the best ways to prevent too much weight gain in children is through education. This often falls on the parents – meaning that it is up to them to read labels and make healthy choices for their children. It also means leading by example. Parents who take their fitness seriously often have children who do the same. Eating healthy is just one aspect – kids also need regular exercise. This means regular activity almost every day, whether it is taking a walk, running around the playground or going for bike rides.
If you have a child who is overweight but has been unable to lose weight, it might be time for specialized medical care. Early treatment is extremely important. A medical care provider can help educate both children and parents about making healthy choices. And keep in mind that there is no “miracle cure” for weight loss. It is simply a matter of eating foods that are good for you and burning calories through regular physical activity.
The best ways to get kids involved in fitness is through an exercise program or sports. And the earlier you take action, the better the outcome will be. Don’t wait for the weight gain to contribute to serious underlying medical condition or become a threat to your child’s health. Be proactive and help them so that they will enjoy a long and healthy life. And keep in mind that sports and exercises programs are also great social outlets. They will probably make bedtime easier as well – regular exercise leads to better sleeping patterns. And that’s great for the whole household!
Car accidents are often considered just another part of life, but they are often highly preventable. Drivers can minimize their risk of suffering car crashes by following the rules of the road. Most accidents are linked to excessive speed, driving too fast for conditions, ignoring traffic signals, texting while driving or driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Unfortunately, even if you obey the law and drive safely, you may still suffer as a result of another driver’s actions. Wear your seatbelt properly every time you are in a vehicle. The lap belt should be across your hips and below your stomach while the shoulder belt should be off the neck, over the collarbone and across the chest. Adjust your seat or use extenders if your seatbelt does not fit appropriately. Wearing your seatbelt properly also ensures that your airbag will protect you properly. The bags deploy with considerable force that can actually cause injuries if you are not correctly restrained.
If you are driving with young children, ensure that each one is in an appropriate safety seat or booster seat. Since these seats can be easy to install and use improperly, contact your local fire department or police department to have the seat inspected. If necessary, the staff can help you install and use the seat properly for greater safety. When children are in car seats, they should never wear a coat, which can compress during an accident and leave the child vulnerable to ejection.
Finally, watch the weather. Be prepared for bad road conditions. Winter weather such as ice and snow or storms that include heavy rain or hail can be dangerous. You may need to drive more slowly than usual or take extra precautions. In some cases, staying put until the weather has passed may be necessary.
If a collision or crash does occur, get immediate medical care for anyone who appears to be injured. Your body, such as your knees, hips, shoulders, neck and back may not register pain or other symptoms right away, so go the a medical center and get yourself checked out as a precaution. Move off the roads if you can do so safely, and contact law enforcement and your insurance company immediately. Visit an auto body shop for an estimate, and stay in contact with your insurance company. Remember that keeping your life low stress can promote healing, and give yourself extra time to recover if necessary.
Halitosis, also known as bad breath, can be caused by many different factors. It can be unpleasant and embarrassing, but it can be helped through lifestyle modifications and changes in diet. Finding the initial cause of the issue and treating it is important and much better to do in the long run rather than masking it with mints or gum. Those are just very temporary fixes that actually can make the problem worse.
One of the main causes of mouth odor is food, especially garlic. Coffee is another culprit, as are cigarettes. Both of those also stain your teeth, so brushing after smoking or after that espresso is always a good idea. Bacteria in the mouth is also a source of bad odor. Simple hygiene can help reduce the issue. This means brushing and flossing multiple times a day, particularly after a meal. Certain medical conditions can also cause bad breath, such as a stomach ulcer. So can infections of the mouth, the common cold, or even a respiratory infection. The list of what affects your breath is very long and some of the items may surprise you.
The medications that you use can also contribute to the problem. Some common ones include anti-depressants and even over the counter medications – such as that aspirin you took for your headache. Some may cause dry mouth (which often results in halitosis because saliva is a natural cleanser), others may cause a chemical reaction within the body that is emitted through breathing. One way to fix the problem is to talk to your doctor about what you’re taking and how it affects the health of your mouth.
If you believe you have halitosis, don’t try to avoid the problem by chewing gum or having a stash of mints handy. Be proactive and go straight to the source. Be sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day. Avoid tobacco products. Also keep in mind that alcohol dries your mouth out, therefore resulting in unpleasant smelling breath for those around you. By making a few simple lifestyle modifications you can improve the problem and make it go away completely.
The holidays are a prime time to gain weight. Most American adults gain at least a few pounds over the season often due to the large quantities of food and alcohol that seem to be present at each party or family get-together. Managing your portion sizes without depriving yourself may be your best choice for limiting holiday weight gain and keeping your diet on track for less post-celebration guilt and regret.
Making good decisions when faced with a vast array of delicious party food and your favorite drinks can be difficult. One of the best ways to ensure self-control is to avoid going out hungry. Plan ahead and enjoy a healthy snack before going to an event that will be full of temptations. This prevents overindulgence due to hunger. Once there, prioritize the options so that you can spend more of your daily allowance of calories on those things you really enjoy and avoid those that just do not interest you as much.
Partner with a friend or loved one who will agree to help you, and watch each other to provide both support and accountability. Increase fruits and vegetables to make sure you are getting the recommended seven servings and to manage your calories throughout the week. Look for snacks and treats that are higher fiber with lower calories. Limit your alcohol intake to one drink a day, and drink water instead of or along with any alcohol beverages.
Regular exercise can help combat the calories from seasonal treats as well as improve knee pain, but try to sneak in extra movement whenever possible or increase the intensity of your regular routine to keep your calorie furnace stoked even after an indulgence. Try to get both aerobic exercise and strength-training workouts into your regular routine, but consider interval training if you are crunched for time.
Finally, remember the reason for your celebration. You are joining with friends and family not to eat but to enjoy one another’s company. Spend your time socializing and catching up with your loved ones rather than grazing at the buffet table. You will enjoy a more satisfying party with far fewer regrets for overdoing it.
Beginning a new workout regimen can be a great way to get in shape or challenge your body in new and exciting ways. Unfortunately, many people find themselves struggling with soreness shortly after diving into a new program.
Any kind of strenuous physical activity can trigger delayed onset muscle soreness. When we exercise, our muscles experience stress. The discomfort is evident not immediately but rather a day or two later. While you may find the pain disconcerting, experts say it is entirely normal. The pain of DOMS should be minor and resolve within a few days. Any discomfort that develops immediately after or during exercise or that does not ease within a few days may need to be evaluated by your health care provider.
In the past, DOMS was believed to be related to a buildup of lactic acid. While the condition is still not fully understood, researchers today believe that the pain we feel is due to micro trauma, or tiny tears in the muscle tissue that trigger discomfort. These tears occur in response to eccentric, or lengthening, contractions, such as a biceps curl.
There is no cure other than time, but you can take steps to ease the discomfort. Anti-inflammatory medication can be used for severe discomfort, and massage can help work out tight muscles. Warm compresses can stimulate blood flow to the injured tissues and speed healing.
The importance of stretching cannot be overrated. Stretching helps maintain or improve flexibility, can keep muscles loose and comfortable and may be able to reduce the damage. It can also help prevent joint problems. Delayed onset muscle soreness should not dissuade you from physical activity, but focus on lighter exercises until you feel back to normal. Walk, jog or swim until the pain eases. You may also consider working out different areas until you recover.
When beginning any new exercise regimen, consider how you fuel your body. Good nutrition is always important, so review your diet to make sure you have the right proportion of protein, carbohydrates and fats. Water and energy drinks that supply electrolytes can help prevent dehydration while a supplement with citrulline malate can help your body recover more effectively by promoting muscle growth, ATP production and healthy blood flow.
A ganglion cyst is a small lump filled with synovial fluid. They typically form in the joints of the hands and wrist, but they can also form around the feet and ankles. They usually form in a soft tissue area alongside the tendons. Many times they go away on their own and require no treatment. However, they can cause pain in some cases. This is usually due to the proximity of the cyst to a nerve. The sac of fluid can compress the nerve, leading to pain and joint problems. This can be extremely problematic if it happens in the knees. It can even affect your ability to do every day normal activities, such as getting out of bed, walking, and getting up and down stairs.
Not everyone is susceptible to developing these types of growths. For some reason, the condition occurs more often in women than men. And if you’ve had an injury to a joint, you may be more apt to develop the condition later.
Although these growths are non-cancerous, that does not mean they can’t cause problems. The herniation of these growths can limit movement, even if they aren’t very big. However, there are a few different treatment options that you can discuss with your doctor. Finding the treatment that works for you is going to depend on a few different factors. First of all, the location of the cyst is a factor. Secondly, how much does it impact your life. Does it cause you pain or impact your mobility? Those are all questions your doctor will ask you.
One of the most common ways to treat this condition is to wear a brace that will help stabilize the area. This will minimize movement, which can help shrink the growth. As it shrinks, the pain will also lessen. Another option is to insert a needle into the growth and extract the fluid. This is called aspiration. Although the thought of needles makes some people understandably nervous, this is a very effective way to treat this condition. Many doctors will also inject a steroid into the area after aspiration. This has been shown to reduce the chances of a recurrence. Sometimes, surgery is needed. Surgery is usually the last resort and only used after other treatment methods have failed. However, the relief following surgery is generally quite fast following recovery.